General

Carbohydrates



Bread: Carbohydrate Source

What they are - definition

Carbohydrates are foods that provide energy to the body. Within this energy group are cereals (rice, wheat, corn, oats, etc.), tubers (potatoes, cassava, manioc, etc.) and sugars (honey, fructose, etc.).

Carbohydrate Groups

They are divided into three main groups, namely monosaccharides, disaccharides and polysaccharides. The first two are known as simple carbohydrates, while polysaccharides are called complex carbohydrates.

In general, the group of simple carbohydrates is formed by sugars. Contrary to popular belief, it is not only present in sweets, but also in pasta, rice, etc.

In the case of complex carbohydrates, these are mostly composed of soluble (can be dissolved in water) and insoluble (cannot be dissolved in water) fibers.

Function in the body

In general, carbohydrates play an extremely important role in our body, because it is through them that our cells get energy to perform their metabolic functions.