Other

Salamanders



Fire Salamander: A Poisonous Species

What they are - biological definition

Salamanders are amphibious animals belonging to the order of caudates. There are species of salamanders that live on land, while others are aquatic (mainly live in the river substrate). There are also those who are amphibious, that is, they have the ability to live in both water and land.

About 440 species of salamanders are currently known.

Key data and characteristics:

- Region where they are found: mainly in temperate regions.

- Physical characteristics: elongated body, short paws, smooth and shiny skin and elongated tail. Physically resemble a lizard.

- Habitat: Terrestrials inhabit forests and forests with humidity. They also inhabit the bottom of rivers, mainly cold waters. Both on land and in water, they are often hidden under rocks. They are found in northern South America (mainly the Amazon), Mexico, the United States, Europe, China, Mongolia, and southern Russia.

- Habit: Most species have nocturnal habit.

- Possess the ability of body regeneration.

- Food: fish, worms and insects.

- Length: varies from species to species. There are some small (12 cm) and some large (up to 75 cm).

- Most common colors: black, green, brown and orange. Many have two-color blended colors (black with yellow, black with red, green and brown, brown and black, etc.).

Examples of salamander species:

- Fire Salamander

- flatwoods salamander

- Broad-fingered salamander

- Tiger Salamander

- Cave Salamander

- Red Hills Salamander

- Red-legged Salamander

- Green Salamander

- Giant Japanese Salamander

- Cloudy Salamander

Scientific classification:

Kingdom: Animalia

Philo: Chordata

Class: Amphibia

Order: Caudata

Family: Salamandridae

Genre: Salamander

Biological curiosities of salamanders:

“Salamanders are very old animals on our planet. Fossils of approximately 160 million years have already been found.

- Some salamanders are poisonous. They are usually those that have strong colors in the body, such as red, yellow and orange.

- They usually make sound to scare off predators.

- One of the most poisonous salamanders is the fire salamander (scientific name: Salamander Salamander). She has a black body with yellow spots. They live in various regions of Europe.