In details

Toxic Plants

Alamanda: Toxic Plant Example

What they are and care

Toxic plants are those that produce toxins capable of causing health problems in humans and domestic animals. Depending on the person and the degree of toxicity of the plant, reactions can range from a simple allergy to death. These toxic substances can be present in all parts of the plant or only in parts of it (leaves, fruits, seeds, roots).

It is very important to know these plants well, keeping them away from children and pets. In addition to ingestion, physical contact with them should be avoided in order to avoid the reactions caused by their toxins.

Examples of toxic plants (popular and scientific names):

- Nobody can with me (Dieffenbachia picta)

- Caladium (Bicolor caladium)

- Taioba-Brava (Colocasia antiquorum)

- Alamanda (Allamanda cathartica L.)

- Castor bean (Ricinus communis)

- Hazelnuts (Euphorbia tirucalli L.)

- Cinnamom (Melia Azedarach)

- Aroeira-brava (Lithraea brasiliensis)

- White skirt (Datura suaveolens)

- Nettle (Fleurya estuans)

- Cauldron (Nerium oleander)

- Napoleon's Hat (Thevetia Peruviana)

- Glass of milk (Zantedeschia aethiopica)

- Parrot's beak (Euphorbia pulcherrima)

- Christ's Crown (Euphorbia milii)

- Azalea (Rhododendron indicum)

- Hazelnuts (Euphorbia tirucalli)

- Boa (Scindapsus aureus)

- Purple pine nut (Jatropha curcas L.)

- Saint-George Sword (Sansevieria trifasciata)

- Cassava-Brava (Manihot utilissima)


- Especially for those with children and pets, it is of fundamental importance to know well the characteristics of a plant before putting it indoors or in the garden. Search the Internet or talk to a specialist (preferably botanist) to make sure the plant is non-toxic to avoid problems.

- Teach children from a young age never to put plants or flowers in their mouths.

- Never eat unknown plants. Remember that cooking does not always eliminate the toxic substance from the plant.

- In case of poisoning or suspicion, immediately call Sinitox at Disk Poisoning: 0800 722 6001.